Given its reputation, we decided to create a special form of this "noble" variant of Sangiovese, called, in Tuscany, Sangiovese Grosso or Brunello di Montalcino in the areas near Siena, Prugnolo in the area of Montepulciano (SI) and Sangiovese gentile in Greve in Chianti (FI). It is a grape of very high quality, it has strong features and is able to produce high quality wines, among the best in Italy and the world. Recent research has revealed, in the infinite world of varieties of Sangiovese, two basic types, the Sangiovese Grosso, which are the main biotypes grown in Tuscany and Emilia Romagna, and Sangiovese Piccolo, grown in Casentino . Obviously, within these two biotypes are numerous phenotypic variations. Generally one can say that the small-berry forms are accompanied by a smaller leaves, five lobes, and give more acidic and less sugar musts.
Environmental and agricultural characteristics and needs: usually the variety "Sangiovese Grosso" has medium leaf, three-lobed or five-lobed, light green, the bunch is medium sized, compact, cylindrical-pyramidal, winged; the berry is medium to large, oval shaped , with black-violet skin, not particularly thick, simple flavour. It prefers hilly terrains of medium and low fertility, clay and limestone based. According to different altitudes (ranging on average between 250 to 500 meters above sea level with peaks above 600 in the Chianti area around Lamole) climate change considerably its expressive characteristics. Pruning is best mixed, but has excellent results even with the short type of runner. One of the Achilles' heel of this variety is the spring frost risk, which always bring considerable damage, while it better tolerates drought and wind.Diseases and adversity
It has a certain sensitivity to powdery mildew and rot, it's particularly sensitive to mites as moths and leafhoppers, It also can be affected by esca.
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